Diabetes, one of the most common diseases in the world

Diabetes is a disease that is among the most common diseases in the world. When the disease occurs, the production of insulin hormone is too low. This hormone helps cells utilize glucose derived from carbohydrates. The pancreas is a hormonal gland that produces insulin, and when that production decreases or disappears completely, diabetes or diabetes occurs.

Type I diabetes is the form that occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin completely. This type is the most dangerous form of diabetes, and if not started in a timely manner with insulin supplementation, comatose conditions can lead to death.

Type I diabetes occurs in the younger population, up to 35 years of age. Within the body, immune cells are created that, for some reason, begin to destroy the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. This form of disease must be treated because otherwise blood and urine accumulate too much undigested sugars. Treatment is carried out with daily injection of insulin injections.


Type II diabetes is not as dangerous as type I diabetes. It is a disease that mainly affects the middle and elderly population (about 40 years onwards). In this type of people, they either do not produce enough insulin or their body is resistant to their own insulin cells. The disease most commonly occurs in people who have problems maintaining their weight or among those who have problems with the circulatory system.

Fatigue, dizziness and hunger are some of the most common symptoms of diabetes. People suffering from diabetes are often wet in large quantities and often lose weight rapidly. Diabetes, especially type II, is most easily regulated by diet. When choosing a diet, one must pay attention to those foods that contain refined carbohydrates and should be discarded. It is recommended to consume legumes, fruits and vegetables, olive oil that has unsaturated fatty acids, and blue fish containing omega-3 fatty acids.

In addition to diet, diabetes can also be controlled by daily exercise. Exercise will allow you to reduce your body weight and therefore your body's sensitivity to the insulin taken. If you are taking insulin, check your blood sugar before exercising to avoid a sudden drop in exercise.

Author: M.T., Photo: Bochkarev Photography / Shutterstock

Åke Lernmark, Lund University Diabetes Centre: Type 1 Diabetes (August 2020)