Pruning is one of the most important fruit growing jobs if you want to grow fruit trees of good quality, which is easy to pick. Pruning fruit is recommended during their standstill, most commonly during winter, or always before the first buds break out.
By pruning fruit, we shape the fruit we maintain its optimal breeding form. It can regulate the growth and maintain the fertility of fruit trees. Most fruit trees are suitable for pruning, but it is important to know when is the best time to prune it. Namely, the later the fruit is pruned, the more pruning it will be for the greater the shock.
How to do proper orchard pruning
Pruning fruit is good remove any branches that cross and those that are damaged and dry. This is followed by the elimination of all awkward discharge. The crown should be ventilated after pruning to allow it to enter evenly the light required for vegetation development.
It is recommended to leave mixed medium-sized twigs during pruning. Gender boundaries for ossicles are called summer shoots, protrusions and mixed twigs. Annual shoots are usually 30 to 40 centimeters long, and they carry flowers along their entire axis. They produce small to medium-sized fruits. The buds represent 6 to 7 flower buds and surround a single tree bud located at the top. They are called kittens and can be fertile for up to 40 years.
The protrusion is usually only a few centimeters long, and usually after the third year, the tip bud becomes a mixed pup. The stem is a native part of a fruit that grows on old shoots. In order to avoid over-fertility, we need to thin them out when pruning.
The mixed twig is different in length and can be up to one meter long. The side buds that are on it can be mixed or woody.
To conduct pruning you will need scissors, saws and knives. Always hold the tool disinfected and clean so as not to transmit diseases and pests. Use scissors that have long handles, a fixed arm and one or two blades.
Pruning is done so that the cut on the branch should not be too close, but not too far from the bud itself. If the canopy is to expand, pruning is done above the bud that faces outwards. The incision must be made obliquely against the opposite side of the navel.
For sawing thicker branches, it is recommended to start the cut from the top and continue from the bottom a few inches. After that, we continue the cut again from the top, until the branch is completely cut off.
Apples, quinces and pears (apple species) all produce on summer shoots or on annual shoots, with a length of half a meter at the top of which there is a mixed or flowering bud, while the tree buds are located along the stem.
Some varieties of fruits, such as William's, come exclusively from summer shoots.
Pruning young fruit trees
By pruning young fruit in the beginning, we want to grow a fruit that will have well spaced branches so it can bear fruit when it enters fertility. Because of this, there are grounds for poorer lushness that will allow the fruit to enter the genus early, which is why the pruning pruning is done in combination with pruning pruning. In this case, the fruits are obtained earlier.
The fruits are reduced to a lesser extent, and the advantage is pruning during the growing season, that is, green pruning. The excess shoot is removed or pins when they are not more than 5 to 10 centimeters in height. The pinching is repeated when the buds chase again.
Green fruit pruning
Green fruit pruning is most commonly carried out among young fruit trees and fruit trees in the genus, and most commonly from fruit trees for peaches. Green pruning is done during the fertility of the trees, and the cut made at the right time can significantly prolong and increase the fruit yield.
For fruit trees that are too summery, they are removed at the base. The branching branch that develops from the branch on which the flowers are. It is thickened by nutrient stocks, and the wood buds it has at its base develop into summer ones. The result of all of the above is the birth branch.
Pruning is not easy to implement, and mistakes are common. It is mostly done excessive pruning which results in too large a decrease in leaf area. In addition, the pruning erroneously removes the shoots that result in the misfolded fruit. It is therefore recommended that pruning should always be carried out by an expert who will properly prune the fruit and teach amateur fruit. In order to properly maintain and nurture the orchards, it is also important to know when orchard work is being done.
Author: M.L., Photo: Catalin Petolea / Shutterstock