Ovulation and fertile days

Ovulation is the part menstrual cycle when they are women are extremely fertile and may become pregnant. There are many hormonal changes in ovulation, so with the help of physical symptoms some women can recognize ovulation and calculate your fertile days. On the other hand, some women have no symptoms and do not feel when the time of fertile days is coming.

With ovulation, it does frees egg cell which travels towards the fallopian tube where fertilization also occurs if it fuses with the sperm. The menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman. The normal menstrual cycle lasts between 24 and 35 days, and in most women it is between 28 and 32 days.

Ovulation means that a woman is very fertile. It lasts from 12 to 24 hours and this is when egg fertilization can occur. Then a woman's sexual desire increases as testosterone hormone levels increase by up to 30 percent.

If you are trying to get pregnant it is important to know that sexual intercourse must be practiced both before and during ovulation because the sperm in the woman's body are active for as long as five days from ejaculation. So, at a time when a woman is having fertile days.

When ovulation occurs

Just as the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, so does ovulation and fertile days vary in the length and intensity of symptoms. If you have an average menstrual cycle of 28 days, ovulation will occur between the 13th and 15th days, and may vary from the 10th to 16th days of the menstrual cycle. Ovulation counts from day one of menstruation.

Ovulation symptoms

Cervical mucus

If a woman knows your body well, she can secretions from the vagina, or cervical mucus, it is good to know when ovulation occurs. Specifically, vaginal mucus changes during the menstrual cycle and varies in volume, color, and elasticity.

In the first phase of the cycle, which occurs immediately after menstruation, from the fifth to the ninth day of the menstrual cycle, the vagina and genitals are completely dry. In the second phase, which occurs between the ninth and tenth days of the cycle, the vagina becomes larger infake and mucus turns yellowish in color, becoming sticky and inseparable. In the third stage, when ovulation occurs, mucus is present transparent, plentiful and very stretchy, like egg white. After ovulation is complete, the mucus returns to a sticky state.

Abdominal pain

Even one fifth of women feel it ovarian pain before or during ovulation. Women describe pain differently. For some, it occurs only slightly pricking in the ovaries, some have pains stabbing while some feel severe pain similar to menstrual pain. Severe piercing pain is usually felt on one side of the abdomen, and can also be felt back pain and sensitivity in other parts of the body. Some women feel and severe spasms that result from the egg’s journey from the fallopian tube to the uterus.

Spots - spotting

In some women, it also occurs mild bleeding. It's actually about light red spots. Bleeding usually occurs during ovulation, and can occur before ovulation. In some women it occurs once or during one day, while in some it can last up to four days. Bleeding occurs as a result of rupture of the egg during ovulation.


The body temperature during ovulation is slightly elevated and by 0.3 to 1 degree Celsius. If you are planning or protecting yourself from pregnancy, it is necessary to measure your temperature at the beginning of your menstrual cycle. When ovulation occurs, the temperature will increase dramatically by up to half a degree. It is measured by placing the thermometer in the mouth at the same time each morning.

Abdominal bloating

It may also occur during ovulation mild bloating which is due to hormones during fertile days and ovulation.

At the pharmacy you can also buy home ovulation test, which will also show you when your most productive days are.

For the average fertile couple, the chances of conception at the time of ovulation are 25 percent therefore, most couples remain in a different condition for a year of constant trials.

If a woman wants to stay in a different condition, it is important to monitor the symptoms and try during the fertile days. A woman's ovum can survive for 24 hours, while a man's sperm in a woman's body can survive for as long as five days. Therefore, sexual intercourse is recommended before ovulation, during fertile days because the woman is fertile both a few days before and a few days after ovulation.

In women who have irregular cycles it is very difficult to calculate ovulation and fertile days. Then women should monitor the cycle closely, measure temperature, exercise testing and note the changes by which they will recognize the fruitful days. Running such tests is very exhausting and stressful for a woman.

If you notice that you have no ovulation Contact your gynecologist, especially if you are planning a pregnancy because if you do not ovulate, you cannot conceive. In healthy couples, one year of unprotected relationships is given to have a natural pregnancy. When the pregnancy does not occur within a year it is time for a visit to the doctor and discovering possible causes.

There is a possibility that one of the partners is infertile, but such knowledge comes from testing both partners. If you plan pregnancy after the age of 40, and you have unprotected relationships that do not result in pregnancy, be sure to see your doctor. Over the years decreases fertility and this is a normal occurrence. Through detailed testing the doctor will establish the diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment.

Author: M.L., Photo: Lukiyan's Natalia frenta / Shutterstock

Female fertility animation (November 2020)