Pineapple farming

Pineapple is a herb of delicious fruit. Its fruits are narrow and cylindrical, from which the first apex leaves protruding leaves. The color of the fruit varies from green to yellow. The pineapple is completely covered with numerous protrusions.

We distinguish between wild fruits and fruit for cultivation. In wild fruits, the leaves are more pointed at the tips and produce seeds, while the modern cultivars are covered with smooth leaves and the fruits are smaller and do not produce seeds. Traditional pineapple varieties could weigh up to 8 pounds.

In our areas, pineapple is usually grown as an ornamental plant and is the most commonly used variegatus pineapple cultivator with leaves lined with white. The fruits of such a pineapple are not edible.


When the pineapple plant is large enough and strong enough, it will release the first flowers from which the pineapple fruit will later develop. But you will have to be patient because it will take a long time to make it happen. Pineapple will also need plenty of light and sun to grow, a minimum of eight hours each day. The pineapple fruit is also slowly developing, so it will take some time to grow and be ripe for harvesting and eating.

Pineapple planting

Because it is a tropical plant, it grows best in Hawaii because of the exceptionally favorable climatic conditions for growth. It needs very high soil and air temperatures and high humidity, especially during growth and maturation. In addition, it will require a lot of compost and light. It uses a lot of space for growth, so if you are going to grow it in pots, make sure you give it plenty of space. One pineapple per square meter can be found on the plantations.

The cultivation of pineapple in pots begins in the same way as the cultivation of pineapple plantations, which is from the top shoots, or cuttings of the leafy apex of the fruit.


To grow a pineapple, it is necessary to grow the roots, and there are two methods for this. In the first method, it is recommended to cut off the top of the pineapple and place it in the pot into which you poured the water. After that, it is enough to leave the pineapple in the sun to release the roots. The second method is to cut the green tip first, right next to the pineapple itself. After that, peel off, peel off the lower layers of the green leaves until only the long leaves remain. The pineapple should now look like leeks. Put it in the water and wait for it to release its roots. This should happen from one week to two weeks.

Our recommendation is to try both methods to see which one is more effective. When you get a pineapple plant with roots, plant it in a large pot.

Because pineapple is a large plant with long leaves, it needs a lot of space. It is recommended to plant it immediately in a large container. Transplant the canines as needed in the spring months. If you want to plant a pineapple in your garden, be sure it is climate-friendly as it could be harmed by cold winters. If you cannot provide it, it will succeed well as a houseplant, only without large and numerous fruits.


It will take a long time for the pineapple to get its first fruits. The plant should first be strengthened and then transplanted into a larger container.

Ground

Before planting, lay a layer of pebbles at the bottom for best stability and drainage.

The land where you will plant the pineapple must be nutritionally rich. Enrich it with humus and fertilizer, in large quantities. Provide him with an air of desire as the root needs air to develop. Do not press and compact the soil around the plant.

Since the flowering of the plant is driven by ethylene, you can place the apples with the plant or ripen the apple bark on top of the substrate. By decomposing the crust, the earth will receive ethylene.

Soil temperature for quality growth should be 21 to 32 degrees.

compost

Initially feed the pineapple every two weeks with a liquid fertilizer of the same NPK ratio. Keep the concentration twice as low as for other pots. During the colder period, feed it less frequently, once a month.

Later, it will need to be fertilized twice a year, in February and July. Use organic fertilizers.

Temperature

After planting the pineapple until intensive leaf development begins, the pineapple should be kept half-dried. Subsequently, it is gradually exposed to light and direct sunlight. During the summer months, the plant should not be in direct sunlight as this can damage its leaves. In late winter and early spring, the plant will need several hours of direct sunshine to stimulate fruit development.

When growing pineapples, the temperature should not fall below 10 degrees Celsius, and temperatures between 18 and 29 degrees are optimal throughout the year.

Water

Pineapples should be watered regularly in small quantities, but only when you notice that the soil has dried. For the plant to thrive, it needs high humidity, so be especially careful if you have it indoors.

Plantation maintenance

In spring, plant it in pots of cuttings, and in summer remove them.In the autumn, clean the plants for the winter, and in the winter, keep warm. Pineapple seed propagation is not possible.

Young plants that you plant in the summer will need transplanting in the spring into pots where you leave them to grow for a year and a half. Transplant them over the next spring and they will bear fruit in the summer or early fall. Transplant and remove excess shoots or wilted fruits each year. When grown well, the pineapple will bear fruit for five to ten years.

Disease protection

Pineapple is most damaged by pointy ears that can be controlled by spraying with soap.

Pineapple harvesting

Healthy plants bear fruit after a year and a half. Collect them when you notice that they have a nice yellow or green color. It is good to pick it up before it ripens completely because of the way it will prolong its freshness.

At home, you can expect the first pineapple fruit in five years. There is a possibility that the fruit may develop earlier, in about two years, but this can only happen under ideal conditions. The fruit that develops indoors, like a houseplant, is small but of irresistible aroma and taste.

Pineapple storage

Store it in a cool, dry place and store it for up to several weeks.

Medicinal properties of pineapple

Pineapple is one of the most healing fruits. It is rich in minerals and vitamins, so it excels in iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium and zinc, and vitamins include B, C and E vitamins.

Pineapple is often consumed in many diets because it has very few calories and great value. Just one cup of pineapple has about 80 calories. But beware if you have high sugar or have diabetes because pineapple is very sweet and has as much as 15 grams of sugar.

Pineapple also contains the digestive enzyme bromelain, which helps maintain digestive health and reduces bloating. You can only find it in fresh pineapple as heat treatment can ruin it. Bromelain capsules are also often used to help prevent inflammation after surgery and for sinusitis and osteoarthritis pain.

Older people and people with brittle bones should eat pineapple regularly because there is a lot of manganese. In addition, large amounts of copper can help the body produce hemoglobin and prevent blood clots from forming. Including pineapple in your diet will reduce eye damage by as much as 35 percent.

Even leaves can be used for body health. They are used to make tea. These delicious fruits, with their nutrients, will protect the body from stress and affect the health of digestion. They are often used in beauty services as a preparation for face masks.

Pineapple in culinary

The pineapple is eaten raw so that the outer bark is peeled and then the pineapple is sliced. Its jams and juices will taste great, and can often be found as canned fruit. Pineapple is often also a composition of delicious cakes. Our choice is a pineapple cake and a pineapple fruit cake that tastes longer in the summer.

Pineapple sweetness is recognized especially in Asian cuisine, where it is used to combine with savory dishes, and can be found on some types of pizza and burgers. It will give a special taste to refreshing sweet or salty salads. Add it to a smoothie and start your day healthy.

Interesting facts about pineapple

The genus Pineapple includes several perennials originating from Pragya and Brazil. It belongs to the family Bromeliaceae, which has as many as 2000 species. The most famous of these are house plants from the genera Billbergia, Aechmaea, Neoregelia, Guzmania, Vriesea and Tillandsia. Species from the mentioned genus Pineapple are not often grown as houseplants, and the most famous is the ornamental plant Pineapple bracteatus (red pineapple).

In the past, it was grown mostly in Central America, so during Columbus it was one of the interesting fruits that he also enjoyed eating. Pineapple was considered a very valuable exotic fruit and because of its fruits was often a center of admiration. By the end of the 16th century it had spread from America to China, the Philippines and Java. He soon became famous in West Africa. It was produced under the greenhouse in the 17th century in the Netherlands and exported to England from there. English nobles became crazy about these exotic fruits and have since graced their gardens.

Pineapple comosus (real pineapple) looks similar to yuccas and agave. As a fruit-bearing fruit, it is mostly grown in South America, or Mexico, where there are large pineapple plantations. It is grown there for commercial purposes. Similar plantations exist in tropical parts of Asia and Africa. Pineapple leaves are also used there to feed livestock.

It is important to mention that homemade pineapple will not be as big and regular as the ones in the shops, but it will taste much better. You will know that pineapple is ripe for its irresistible scent. Once you have tasted homemade pineapple, you will realize that the effort has paid off because such a tasty pineapple is impossible to buy.

Author: M.L., Photo: skeeze / Pixabay

How To Grow Pineapples | How Do they do it (July 2020)