What are the causes of anemia

In many cases, anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the diet and / or an inability to absorb iron during digestion. However, there are a number of other causes.

Megaloblastic anemia causes vitamin B2 or folic acid deficiency. This form of anemia sometimes occurs in pregnancy.

Pernic anemia the result is a lack of so-called. an internal factor, a substance necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12. The most exposed are people with blood type A.


Aplastic anemia the consequence is a decrease or no production of red blood cells that cause bone marrow damage or inactivity.

Hereditary anemia has different causes. Thalassemia occurs due to disorders in the production of hemoglobin, and occurs in persons originating in the Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries.

Sickle anemia, so-called sickle-shaped red blood cells, generally occurs in people of African origin, and usually begins to develop as early as childhood.


Hemolytic anemia caused by premature breakdown of red blood cells, which may be due to the use of some drugs or infection.

The stomach of some people suffering from anemia produces too little stomach acid, so their absorption of iron is not good. Gastric acid levels can also be lowered due to carbohydrates. To improve iron absorption, avoid eating foods rich in carbohydrates (such as bread, pasta, sugar in rice) along with foods rich in iron and protein (such as meat, fish and eggs).

In order for their digestion and absorption of iron to be optimal, proteins require the presence of an adequate amount of stomach acid.

During treatment, take iron preparations under medical supervision as too much iron can be dangerous. The following measures may be useful:

  • Take kelp-containing preparations because they are rich in minerals and promote iron absorption.
  • Take a certain dose of the homeopathic medicine Ferrum phosphoricum daily.
  • Try tea or tincture of sorrel (acid) because there is a lot of iron in that plant, and tea or tincture of dandelion or thistle because it helps absorb iron.
  • If you feel tired, drink tea or take a tincture obtained from oats or licorice.

Author: S.G., Photo: Nikita G. Sidorov / Shutterstock

Iron Deficiency Anemia, All you need to know! (October 2020)