AIRFLOW Clogging (flushing of the tongue due to fainting, foreign body, bite, blood, and spit or sludge or trachea, drowning, hanging, tumor in the chest or larynx, swelling or spasm (larynx), or pressure on the lungs (blood or purulent discharge in the chest, open chest due to wounding and entry of air into the chest - so-called open pneumothorax).
TERMINATION OF BREATHING FOR OTHER IMPACT (injuries and tumors of the brain, heart failure, diseases and injuries of the spinal cord, poisoning with drugs, sleeping agents, poisonous agents such as chlorine, nitrous gases, phosgene, and finally lack of oxygen in the air). Electric shock or lightning also stops the heart and breathing.
THE SIGNS OF CHALLENGE ARE: blue, swollen face, searching for air, accelerated, increasingly superficial breathing, restlessness and fear and then loss of consciousness, with quieter and weaker breathing, and finally, an apparent and then true death. We save the person who is not breathing and whose heart is not working by revival.
REVIVAL: First, the upper respiratory tract (mouth and throat) should be examined and foreign bodies, mucus, blood removed. If the tongue is inflamed, the unconscious should be placed with the abdomen facing away with one leg crossed over the other. It can also be used to grip the tongue with a cloth, pull it out as far as possible, and bend it with the lower jaw, or with the head bowed forward, raise the lower jaw with one hand.
Then artificial respiration is approached. Of the many ways, artificial respiration by blowing ("mouth to mouth" or "mouth to nose") is the easiest to perform. The inflow is made through a layer of gauze or a handkerchief, which is placed between the patient's and the rescuer's mouth. The blowing should be repeated 15-16 times per minute. It can also be inflated through a shorter rubber tube (1-2 cm in diameter), which is inserted unconscious into the mouth and the mouth or cloth is closed around the mouth and the fingers of both nostrils. And it can also be inflated with a special device (GNOM or AMBU) with a rubber ball that is squeezed 15-16 times per minute. There are also various manual methods of artificial respiration, but these do not fall within the scope of these instructions.
OUTDOOR HEART MASSAGE
If the (any) patient's pulse is not felt and the heart is suspected to have stopped working, an external heart massage is performed. Both cross-folded palms are placed on the sternum (only two and two fingers are placed on the infant) and the sternum is pressed, loosening and pressing alternately about 60 times per minute, until we notice that the unconscious person has flushed to the face and that a pulse appeared. Those who are conscious as well as those who are breathing should not be revived; we do not give them artificial respiration or heart massage.