There are more and more diabetics today, and if trends continue, the numbers could soon double. There are three basic types of diabetes. Type 1 is most common in childhood and occurs when the body's defense system destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 is treated with insulin.
Type 2 is the most common type, and usually occurs after the age of 40 and can be given to children and teenagers. They often associate it with being overweight. It occurs when the pancreatic cells do not produce enough insulin or the body develops insulin resistance.
Gestational diabetes occurs in the second half of pregnancy when the placenta produces hormones that inhibit insulin action in order for the fetus to get enough glucose. To supplement the pancreas, it generates more insulin, but almost every twentieth pregnant woman cannot produce enough, which causes her blood glucose levels to increase.
Knowing the symptoms is important because of the quick action and healing as quickly as possible. Untrained hunger, constant thirst and the constant need to urinate, especially at night, are considered common symptoms of diabetes.
Other symptoms include frequent infections and itchy skin, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that take a long time to heal and blurred vision. Type 1 symptoms are most obvious and occur quickly in just a few days or weeks.
Type 2 symptoms develop slowly, most without specific symptoms. It is mostly discovered accidentally on a routine checkup, without the usual symptoms. If you notice any of these symptoms, do not wait, but go to a doctor immediately.
If you are over 40, ask your doctor for a diabetes test and if you have one or more of the factors listed for type 2 diabetes. These are: mother, father, brother or sister who have type 2 diabetes, overweight, stroke , high blood pressure, waist circumference greater than 80 cm for women and 94 cm for men, and polycystic ovaries.
Author: S.Š., Photo: Monkey Business Images / Shutterstock