What are the types of depression

Depression as an expression has settled in daily life. So we will tell an unhappy friend, "Don't be depressed." But the everyday little things that make us unhappy are not depression! Clinical depression is not instantaneous sadness but a persistent sense of despair caused by the imbalance of chemicals in the brain.

There are different types and shades of depression, even the postpartum one, which is experienced by up to 15% of mothers. Generally speaking, we classify depression into 3 categories.

Severe depression


It is a severe depressive episode lasting longer than 2 weeks, with at least 5 of the following symptoms: guilt and worthlessness, lack of appetite, disturbed sleep, disinterest in the environment, lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, ideas about self-harm.

Situational depression

It lasts longer than two months and occurs after a major life change, such as the loss of a loved one or retirement. In fact, most people are saddened after major losses, and that's natural. Depression is when a person has no desire for months, does not want to communicate with people or even loved ones, or even go out of the house.


Significantly, after the event that triggered the depression, the symptoms improve over time, so most therapists think that you can function better in the long run if you can manage the episode without medication. But of course, there are times when a person needs a cure to make any progress.

Vascular depression

It usually occurs in patients who have had a stroke without its clinical manifestation in the so-called. silent brain regions. The clinical symptoms of vascular depression are mood swings, a disorder of concentration. Vegetative symptoms are sleep and libido disorders and lack of energy, and are more common in patients who developed depression after stroke than those who did not develop it.


The most sensitive periods for the development of depression are the first two years after the stroke. The degree of depression that will develop after a stroke is directly correlated with the severity of the neurological deficit and the speed of recovery.

If depression is allowed to develop and not treated, it can also end in suicide. Depression is associated with various types of life-altering symptoms, such as depression, lack of self-esteem, disinterest in sex, weight changes, difficulty sleeping. Depression also reduces immunity, so there is a greater tendency for infections.

Author: Tajana, Photo: dpaint / Shutterstock

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