The importance of breastfeeding and the fact that during the first six months the baby needs no food other than breast milk are emphasized. After this time it is necessary to start with the so-called. solids. The development of the baby allows for the consumption of solid foods, and the milk itself no longer meets the nutritional requirements.
So it starts with nutrition. It is a period of gradual introduction of non-dairy foods into the diet of the baby. Fruit and vegetable juices are introduced as well as fruit, cereal and porridge vegetables, meat, fish and eggs. Feeding should be done patiently and gradually. Only one new food is introduced at a time.
The details of the diet should be consulted with the healthcare staff at the Infant Counseling Center, or with the family doctor.
In the preschool period, the child needs five meals a day: three main meals and two intermediate meals. It is important that the diet is diverse and that all food groups are represented, such as:
- milk and milk products (up to half a liter a day)
- meat and substitutes (one meal a day, at least once a week fish, egg two to three times a week)
- vegetables (one meal a day for a variety of vegetables)
- fruits (one meal per day of various fruits)
- bread and substitutions (two to three servings a day, preferably whole grain bread, avoid white flour)
- fat (two teaspoons a day as a spread or spice)
The preschool and school years are important for creating healthy eating habits that are important for lifelong eating. A balanced carbohydrate, fat and protein ratio, less salt and sugar in foods, avoiding carbonated beverages and artificial food supplements, and increasing the amount of fresh fruits and vegetables preferably from bio-cultivation (without pesticides and fertilizers) are important.
In addition to essential food ingredients such as protein, carbohydrates and fats, growth and development of a baby are essential for water and vitamins (A, B-complex, C, D, E, K), minerals (sodium, potassium, calcium, chlorine, phosphorus) , magnesium, sulfur) and oligoelements (iron, iodine, copper, manganese, zinc, cobalt, molybdenum, selenium, chromium, tin, vanadium, fluorine, silicon, nickel).
It should be remembered that water makes up a large percentage of a person's body, and the higher the percentage the smaller the child. Therefore, it is important to emphasize the importance of the quality of the water we drink here.
In recent decades, we have witnessed a great deal of pressure from the pharmaceutical and food industries in the production of food supplements in the form of numerous vitamins, minerals, oligoelements or a combination of these ingredients.
The lack of these ingredients interferes with the normal growth and development and later functioning of the organism in adulthood; Equally dangerous can be the excess of both vitamins and minerals and oligoelements. Always consult your doctor's advice before deciding to add a vitamin and mineral supplement to your child's diet.